”The Nameless War” by Captain Ramsay [How Zionists use revolutions to destroy the Gentiles] – John de Nugent’s audio and online versions of the 1952 masterpiece by a British WWI hero, Member of Parliament — and Churchill’s irate political prisoner for 4.5 years in Brixton Prison! As I am a volunteer story-gatherer, and no doubt because I have done some research about the war in France, I was asked to type it out and post it to the website. The Sherwood Foresters was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for just under 90 years, from 1881 to 1970. It would be almost impossible for me to source documentary evidence of kinship to my grand-uncle George. The regiment's formation was announced on 16 December 2004 by Geoff Hoon and General Sir Mike Jackson as part of the restructuring of the infantry, when it was initially to be known as the King's Lancashire and Border Regiment.The regiment was given its new name in November 2005. The Border Regiment was officially formed in 1881 when the 34th and 55th Regiments of Foot were amalgamated as part of the Childers Reforms. His service number was 3601475. Following the Battle of France, it was evacuated from Dunkirk. After returning to the United Kingdom, it spent time in South Wales on Guard duties before being posted to North Africa in 1941. Another of the companies reached the north bank of the Somme and were engaged in mortar machine gun and rifle exchanges with the Germans. www.cumbriasmuseumofmilitarylife.org. Please see my various contributions to this archive on the incident. public. In 2006, the Queen's Lancashire was further amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Border Regiment and the King's Regiment to form the present Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. [13] 110 RAC was disbanded in 1943, and 5th Battalion, Border Regiment was reconstituted in April 1944 by redesignation of the 7th Battalion, a reserve battalion serving in 213th Infantry Brigade, originally created in 1939 as a 2nd Line duplicate of the 5th [14] [15] It spent the rest of the war as a training battalion, [16] assigned to the 45th Infantry Brigade, which was initially part of the 80th Infantry (Reserve) Division and then the 38th Infantry (Reserve) Division. The Northamptonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1960. The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many years and wars, including the Second Boer War, the First and Second World Wars, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence. I am aware WW2 People’s War is soon to close for contributions. They were highly thought of by the Australian troops and the commander, General Leslie Morshead. Regards, Bombing and shelling here in Tobruk became the daily and nightly ‘portion’. On the retreat of the German / Italian Forces, the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment occupied the airfield of El Adem. Over in Europe it seems a lot easier finding out official information about the war and commemoration is taken very seriously. On 1 May 1963, the regiment was re-titled, for the final time, as the Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers and became part of the Fusilier Brigade. From Brest, they went by ship to Southampton, where they arrived on the morning of June 18th 1940. Leaving the desert, the 70th Division, including the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment, were now went to India and Burma. To view and read about a British helmet recovered from a cellar in the town of Cassel, click here. So, following in the footsteps of their fathers and uncles of the Great War, the men of Cumberland and Westmorland went down to the battle alongside the Queen's Bays of the 2nd Armoured Brigade. In 1947, it moved to Somaliland and in 1947 to Palestine, returning to the UK in 1950. The Loyal Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1970. WO 169 / 1713 Durham Light Infantry However the Regiment can trace its history back over a hundred years prior to this. Regards, Under orders from the 10th French Army Commander, the 4th Border moved North-West to the line of the River Bresle. They were part of the 70th British Infantry Division]". The battalion did not see active service for the rest of the war. The problem at this time is that there is only just over a week before the site is closing down for furter postings! Here, the 6th British Division was relieving the Australians who had been besieged there since the previous April and who had inflicted the very first defeat of German arms on land. The regiment was formed in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot and the 108th Regiment of Foot. Subsequently, the regiment amalgamated with the Green Howards and the Duke of Wellington's Regiment to form the Yorkshire Regiment on 6 June 2006. During that night, and still under constant harassment, embarkation took place on to ships and Naval craft. The following article has been submitted to the BBC "People's War" website on behalf of Mr Hutchinson. The relief of Tobruk, the capture of Sidi Rezegh and the capture of El Adem was thus the second defeat of the German land forces. However, as I was in the Cumbria Archives Office today I went to check a reference book I knew was in there with a little about 4th Border Regiment in WW2 ('The Story of the Border Regiment' by Philip J. Shears). Alongside the Borders were the 4th 'Buffs' who ran into bombardment in the streets of Fécamp. Again, the problem is finding the right person. Have a look at pages 181-187. Historical records of events in France, post Operation Dynamo, are sketchy. Whilst in Africa, it spent some time fighting the Africa Korps, including taking part in the relief of Tobruk before being posted to British India in 1942–1943. Pictures of the 4th Border Regiment who held a large sector of the Somme during a vital stage in the German advance. The two Divisions were the 51st Highland Division and the 1st Armoured Brigade. WW2 Border Regiment Section. 5th Bn Border Regiment War Diary, June 1944 – November 1945, TNA file WO 166/17146. My feeling is that someone in the Rennes area will have researched the people who died on 17 June. [All the above relieved the Australian infantry. One month after the invasion began the Germans finally accomplished what they had failed to do after four years of protracted warfare in the earlier war. Mr Hutchinson has written the article which was then sent it in to BBC Radio Cumbria, Carlisle. [17], The 50th (Holding) Battalion was raised in June 1940. It was the only British Division of infantry in the Middle East at the time. The day after Churchill gave his 'Finest Hour' speech and De Gaulle his 'Appeal' to the French: for the war to continue. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Y Gatrawd 4ydd o Glwy'r Traed- The 4th Regiment of Foot (1651) 5. This was when your uncle would have been ordered to leave. Postscript. Five men of the Border Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross, all during the First World War: By 1919, all the war-formed battalions had been disbanded and the system of rotating the two regular battalions had resumed. After returning to the United Kingdom, it served as home defence in the anticipation of a German invasion. The regiment provided troops for the Imperial Yeomanry during the Second Boer War and served on the Western Front in the First World War, latterly as infantry. Most of the content on this site is created by our users, who are members of the These patrols included the entering of the Vichy French village of Mergyioun and taking prisoners. With reference to the siege of Tobruk, I append a list of North Country Regiments below. [All the above were present throughout the siege]. The battalion was then assigned to the 23rd Infantry Brigade, part of the 70th Infantry Division. Battalions of the King's Own saw service all over the world during the Second World War. The Drum was only returned to the Regiment after it had been kept as a war trophy at the SS Marine and Panzer Grenadier Guards Barracks in Holstein. It has been transcribed and submitted to the website by Joseph Ritson, a volunteer story-gatherer with the BBC Radio Cumbria CSV Action Desk. Here in the Basse Forêt d'Eu, supported by the artillery of the 51st Highland Division. It was with these personal weapons that many fought as infantry in the last few days of the withdrawal to Dunkirk. Personal information on file in military records on individual soldiers is only available to the soldier himself or to next of kin. In October 1941, the brigade was selected to be converted to glider infantry, part of the British Army's newly-formed airborne forces, and became the 1st Glider Brigade, part of the 1st Airborne Division. [6] [10], In July 1957, the Defence White Paper outlined a substantial reduction in the size of the British Army, with a number of regiments being amalgamated. When the ’breakout’ came, more aggressive raids began, until they were relieved by the Polish Carpathian Division. Dunkirk, located in the north of France, on the shores of the North Sea near the Belgian-French border, is a small town on the coast of France and the scene of a massive miliatry campaign during the World War II. The Welch Regiment was an infantry regiment of the line of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1969. The 4th Battalion The Border Regiment had been guarding the Lines of Communications i… ... Dunkirk along the line of the Aa Canal, facing the Allied defensive line near Watten. You should be able to get hold of a book in English entitled 'Finest Hour' by Tim Clayton and Phil Craig (1999), Hodder & Stoughton. Then, after yet another railway journey, this time at night, they arrived at Brest. 5th Bn Border Regiment War Diary, Apr–May 1944. But then at night, the Australian artillery returned the compliment tenfold! It returned to England in the following year, and was based at Catterick Garrison when the Second World War broke out. One of his comrades in the regiment, ... was amongst those who were lucky to be successfully evacuated from Dunkirk, following the German Blitzkrieg that had pushed the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) back to the sea. The 4th Border group that took the train was headed by Captain J.L. Regimental History A short history of 1st Battalion, Border Regiment, 1st Airlanding Brigade, 1st Airborne Division. ... would suffice to drive all the way to Baghdad. When war broke out in September 1939, the four TA battalions were as follows: [2], The 1st Battalion, Border Regiment formed part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in Europe from 1939–1940, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Robert Horton Farrar. In the meantime, I've had a look through your postings, and also the CWGC website about their cemetery at Rennes. The Border Regiment was a line infantry infantry regiment of the British Army, which was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot. I've just looked through some of my notes and various books in French and English to refresh my memory of what went on. Originally part of the 4th Infantry Brigade of the 2nd Infantry Division, it was exchanged with the 1/8th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers and became part of the 125th Infantry Brigade of the 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division. The section has been taking part in reenactment / living history events since the early 1990's and is the main focus of VERA. The railway complex at Rennes was bombed during mid morning Monday 17th June. The Battalion was part of the force that suppressed the Afridi and Red Shirt Rebellions of 1930 – 1931. In 1908, the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 reorganised the reserve battalions: the 4th Battalion was disbanded, while the 3rd was transferred to the Special Reserve, the volunteer battalions became units of the new Territorial Force as the 4th (Westmorland and Cumberland) Battalion at Strand Road in Carlisle and 5th (Cumberland) Battalion at Portland Square in Workington (since demolished). At any one time, one battalion was to be on foreign service and one on "home" service. 271943 and accredited under the Arts Council of England Accreditation Scheme. The South Staffordshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for only 68 years. at Dunkirk Corporal Ivan Frank Renwick (1919 - 2013) from the Cleator Moor area of Cumbria served in the Army during the Second World War. 1. The Lancashire Hussars was a British Army unit originally formed in 1798. The fighting continued all day in the beautiful spring day until nightfall when all the companies withdrew, taking numbers of prisoners with them. As the name suggests, the division recruited in the Home Counties, particularly Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. They became part of Brigadier Orde Wingate’s ‘Chindit’ Long Range Penetration (LRP) groups. The regiment saw service in many conflicts and wars, including the Second Boer War and both the First and Second World Wars. There were so many that the newspapers at home dubbed Kendal, the hometown of most of them, 'The Town of Missing Men'. In 1944, the entire division was broken up to become part of Brigadier Orde Wingate's 'Special Force' (the Chindits) and took part in the 2nd Chindit expedition in Burma, before finally returning to the United Kingdom in 1945. The Luftwaffe harassed the evacuation which is when your uncle was unfortunately killed. [20], The regiment's battle honours were as follows: [21], *1959 Regiment amalgamated with The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) to form The King's Own Royal Border Regiment. Y Gatrawd 2il o Glwy'r Traed- The 2nd Regiment of Foot (1651) 3. After withdrawal, the Unit moved Northwards, their lines of communication being constantly dive-bombed by the Germans. But even so, the fighting patrols still went out, many of them at night. Both Battalions were heavily engaged in the German Blitzkrieg of May 1940, which ended in the successful evacuation from Dunkirk. Her ended the war of the 4th Battalion, The Border Regiment. Obtaining information from official sources seems to be quite difficult. At any one time, one battalion was to be on foreign service and one on "home" service. Subsequently, in March 1941, the men of the 4th Battalion, The Border Regiment left on the troopship H.M.T. Positioned directly in front of the German onslaught of his comrades on the beaches, Ervine-Andrews endeavored to hold them off. However, the battalion left the brigade in November 1939, and was assigned to the newly raised 25th Infantry Brigade and served from 1939–40 in France on lines of communication duties before becoming part of the ill-fated "2nd BEF" that tried to maintain a presence in France after Dunkirk, finally leaving from the Cherbourg peninsular. It was also atthis time that the 'Lancastria' was hit. [2], In common with other infantry regiments, the Border Regiment was increased in size for the duration of the 1914–1918 war by the creation of additional battalions, either by the duplication of the existing territorial units or by the raising of new "service" battalions. Moving off into the town street fighting began. First published in 2010, 'Forgotten Voices Dunkirk' is another in the 'Forgotten Voices' series drawing from the oral history archives held by the IWM, and focusses on the events leading up to, during and after the evacuation of the defeated British Army from Dunkirk in 1940. Mixed fortunes followed: one company was ambushed before they reached their objective and scattered. It provided a great boost to British morale, but left the remaining French to stand alone against a renewed German assault southwards. The 4th Battalion of the Borders were given the task of clearing the woods that were partially held by the Germans. Y Gatrawd 1af o Glwy'r Traed- The 1st Regiment of Foot (1651) 2. Due to the heavy casualties, the battalion did not participate in the Allied invasion of Italy and was sent to the United Kingdom. The regiment converted to artillery in 1920 and served as such in the early years of the Second World War, before becoming part of the Chindits in Burma. In 1959, the regiment was amalgamated with the Border Regiment to form the King's Own Royal Border Regiment. I've left a message for Jemma, the co-ordinator for the Radio Cumbria volunteer story gatherers, asking for your question to be passed on to Mr Hutchinson, and if he has further details. The successful evacuation of 338,000 Allied troops from Dunkirk ended the first phase in the Battle of France. Thanks again for your reply and interest, you have been most helpful. The men continued to wear their Border Regiment cap badge on the black beret of the RAC, as did all infantry units converted in the same way. The HQ of the battalion was in Kendal, then in Westmorland. All the RAF and British troops were tehn withdrawn, and there was this mad dash to get to the ports. Based in County Mayo, the battalion had few casualties, and returned to England at the end of the conflict in 1922. The two regular battalions were stationed as follows: The militia and rifle volunteers of Cumberland and Westmorland also became reserve battalions of the regiment in 1881: The Royal Cumberland Regiment of Militia and the Royal Westmorland Regiment of Militia became the 3rd and 4th Battalions respectively, while the rifle volunteers became the 1st (Cumberland) and 2nd (Westmorland) Volunteer Battalions. 'D Company' held on to Incheville for several days until they ran short of ammunition. Cumbria's Museum of Military Life Alma Block, The Castle, Carlisle, Cumbria, CA3 8UR. In the event that you consider anything on this page to be in breach of the site's House Rules, please click here. So, men from Cumberland and Westmorland were present at both checks on Rommel and the German Afrika Corps! The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1678 until 1959 when it was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers which was later itself merged with the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch, the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the Highlanders to form a new large regiment, the Royal Regiment of Scotland. 51st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery It is no longer possible to leave messages here. The bravery of the 51 st Highlanders and the bond they forged with French Armoured Division while fighting at Abbeville played an important part in General Charles de Gaulle’s decision to continue the war and lead the Free French forces, fighting on the side of the Allies. The days 16 - 18 June 1940 were really vital to what happened in France, because it was when De Gaulle was trying to get the French Government to continue fighting the war, and Pétain took over and asked the Germans for an Armistice. 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